Thursday, June 9, 2016

Neonatal Physical Therapy

Physical therapy is for adults by an acute or chronic injury to restore the functional and anatomical stability of tissues, joints and ligaments used. Although mostly in adults, a sub-specialty of physical therapy, pediatric physical therapy is becoming increasingly popular among 18 years in individuals. According to the report of the research in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), all extremely low birth weight (with a birth weight of less than 1000 g) require a functional assessment, neurological and medical in the pediatric years published by the high risk of cognitive and musculoskeletal problems in the years of childhood, associated with developmental delays and poor growth.

Chest physical therapy is typically used in babies who are born prematurely or after a difficult birth. Moreover, babies, the complications (or are at risk of developing complications) capable by birth injury also benefited from the preliminary assessment and evaluation of neonatal physiotherapists get. All physiotherapists assess children on the grounds of motor and sensory behavior (musculoskeletal and neuromuscular systems), the cardiovascular system, which is also a sign of stress (babies respond to stress and anxiety caused by changes in the respiratory rate and heart rate) , the functional reactivity and response to external stimuli.

Sometimes, birth trauma or injuries of childhood, affecting the spine or other important parts of the musculoskeletal system are missing from the parents until the symptoms of primary damage deteriorate to produce secondary complications. Your child may need an evaluation by a physical therapist, if he or she signs and symptoms:

- If your child does not have optimal weight or growth depending on its biological age
- If your child has not reached critical milestones of development as a social smile, crawling, sitting, walking, etc.
- If your child on either side of the body or on one side of the body or on one side of the body do not use often Rocker head more than the other side.
- If your child is not able to walk properly (if other children can at his age), or when he goes embarrassed.
- If your child experience frequent falls or signs of inadequate coordination.
- If your child has a significant injury to the musculoskeletal system involved is not completely solved.

pediatric physical therapist helps pediatricians and other employees nursery care of infants who develop moderate to severe complications at birth trauma. A physical therapist will help restore functional motor and sensory responses help to facilitate the recovery process to improve sensory stimulation by helping the baby's head in the direction of the sound source and light tilting restore mobility help promote functional movement of the body, the baby's development to educate parents in monitoring the physical care, optimal functional and neuropsychological Baby, help parents lead to over the optimal positioning of the child in order to avoid any damage systems and vital organs.

A physical therapist can work with older children and are unable, after an injury or in connection with a birth defect or an infection perform. may introduce some changes and interventions in nutrition, sleep on the basis of the first review and rating, physiotherapists and the external environment, such as the use of certain tools and accessories for the physiological regulation and the welfare of children, advice on exercise or practice ( dependent) to promote the age and type of injury fully coordinated smooth movements even promote behavior regulated, and advise certain exercises, activities and maneuvers to improve the functional status and help to attain the child physical independence.

Treatment interventions by pediatric physiotherapists include leisure activities for adaptation, safety and prevention program, therapeutic exercises, training in mobility and activities / exercises that can promote balance and coordination.

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